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Psychology may be defined as the scientific study of behaviour, thought, and feeling. The science of psychology relates to virtually every aspect of people’s lives. Psychology plays an important role in solving human problems and promoting the well-being of individuals.
Psychology is both a scientific discipline and a profession. Working within a scientific discipline, psychologists use a variety of research methods for building and testing theories about behaviour. A general distinction can be made between basic research (which builds psychology’s base of knowledge) and applied research (which tackles practical problems). The goal of basic research is to identify factors that influence or cause a particular type of behaviour, thought, or feeling. Applied psychologists make use of principles discovered through basic research to solve practical problems.
Undergraduate Program Description
The Department of Psychology is in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, and the undergraduate study of psychology is part of a liberal arts education. Briefly, the goals of a liberal arts education are to enhance students’ written and oral language skills, analytic and research skills, and interpersonal communication skills. Preparing students for specific careers is NOT a goal of a liberal arts degree. This may come as a surprise since you may be interested in taking an Undergraduate Degree in Psychology in order to prepare yourself for a career as an academic or applied professional psychologist. Indeed, many students do enter psychology with the belief that they will become clinical psychologists who will spend their professional lives giving therapy to clients suffering from mental problems such as depression, anxiety, or paranoia. However, although some students who major in psychology do pursue a professional career in applied or academic psychology, the vast majority do not. There is nothing particularly special about psychology in this regard. The same is true of other liberal arts disciplines; for example, most people with an Undergraduate Degree in History do not become professional historians, nor do those with an Undergraduate Degree in Philosophy become professional philosophers. In sum, the focus of an undergraduate program in psychology, including the undergraduate program at Simon Fraser University, is to meet the goals of a liberal arts education rather than to produce professional psychologists.
Every undergraduate program is organized to facilitate students’ acquisition of specific knowledge and skills. Four general goals of the undergraduate program in psychology can be identified. First, students with a B.A. in psychology should acquire knowledge of the central questions or issues in psychology, of the methods that are used to gather data relevant to these central questions, and of the range and quality of answers presently available. Second, through written and oral presentations, students should attain proficient language skills. Third, practice in the close and critical analysis of issues in psychology should improve students’ empirical, analytical, and inferential skills, resulting in high levels of problem-recognition and problem-solving abilities. Finally, and perhaps most importantly, exposure to a variety of perspectives on central psychological issues should result in an enriched personal, social, and cultural life.
Graduate Program Description
The Psychology Department offers 2 graduate programs leading to MA and PhD degrees.
1. The Psychology Graduate Program offers specializations in one of the following 6 Research Areas:
- Cognitive & Neural Sciences
- Law & Forensic Psychology
- History, Quantitative & Theoretical
- Clinical Sciences
2. The Clinical Psychology Graduate Program offers training under one of the following 4 options:
Our graduate programs are oriented toward a PhD degree. (Those seeking only a Masters degree are discouraged from applying.) Students with Bachelor degrees must submit their applications to the MA program.